European Commissioner for the Internal Market
Engineer, graduated from Supélec in computer sciences, Thierry Breton began his career as an entrepreneur in the new technologies sector. In 1981, he created Forma Systems in the United States, an SME which he managed for 5 years. At the same time, he published several science fiction novels, including Softwar, which sold 2 million copies and was translated into ten languages. In France, he designed and then directed Futuroscope, the first tourist park devoted to science and new technologies, between 1986 and 1990. At the same time, he was also elected regional councilor then vice-president of Poitou-Charentes from 1986 to 1992. He managed several companies in the goods market, as well as in the computer and new technologies sector. He was director of strategy and development, then managing director of Bull, between 1993 and 1997. Then he took over the management of Thomson Multimedia, a global electronics company. In 2002, he was appointed head of the multinational operator France Telecom. In 2005, he was appointed Minister of Economy, Finance and Industry of France, a position he held until 2007. Following his ministerial duties, he taught governance at Harvard Business School. In 2009, he became Chairman and CEO of Atos, a technology and digital services company, until 2019. He chaired the ANRT, the National Association for Research and Technology, until 2019. He is a member of the Academy of Technologies. In 2019, he became European Commissioner for the Internal Market. He is in charge of industry, services, digital, defense and space, as well as tourism and audiovisual.